Green Revolution and Use of Chemicals in Agriculture
Green revolution and use of chemicals in agriculture has achieved good progress. This progress however, showed the flying wings only in short run. The sustainable wings failed even to make a small flight.
The impact of green revolution and use of chemicals in agriculture resulted in poor soil health, increased resistance in pest and disease and adverse micro climatic conditions in cultivation of crops. The use of chemicals in agriculture in green revolution has resulted in dependency on chemical for agriculture production.
Pest and Disease
Pest and disease control was targeted by the use of chemicals in agriculture .However the regular use of chemicals has resulted in increased resistance in pest and disease .This has led to introduction of more poisonous chemical pesticides to control the pest and disease. All this has increased the cost of production in agriculture.
Further lack of marketing skills in farmers failed to have an effective monetization of their harvested produce. The increasing cost of production due to increase use of inputs for pest and disease control along with poor price realization by farmers resulted in big loss to the farmer.
The situation was so pathetic that given an option the farmers were ready to quit agriculture .Most of the farmers even sold out their land and shifted to cities for unskilled work as an employment.
Sick soil and Poor Soil Heath
Sick soil and poor soil heath was the result use of chemicals in agriculture. The soil health has seen a down fall with increase in chemical use by the farmer’s .
Due to green revolution, the farmers forgot the tradition way of natural farming and this further resulted in Sick soil and poor soil heath. Green revolution has tempted the farmers for quick return and short term gains.
The farmer’s temptation for quick profit has supported the Sick soil and poor soil heath in further land degradation.
Evergreen revolution is the actual concept of agriculture. This concept has immense potential to transform agriculture in to sustainable agriculture. The green revolution has the masked the concept of evergreen revolution. The use of chemicals in agriculture for green revolution has showed the green zone above the ground and a dark zone below it.
The green zone above the ground was only in short run. However, the dark zone in subsurface due to reduced activity of soil dwelling microorganism was in long run. The soil dwelling microorganism, earthworm, ants etc get disturbed due to excessive use of chemicals in agriculture and their population drastically get reduced.
All this has weakened the soil biodiversity. Hence it is important to shift towards evergreen revolution.